Lake Bambili is a crater lake that lies in the volcanic zone of Cameroon, between the Bamenda Highlands and Bamboutos Mountains. In northeastern Bambili, Mount Oku rises to 3011 m/asl being the second highest peak in the country after Mount Cameroon (4070 m/asl).
The lake is part of a complex formed by two adjacent craters separated by about 45 m in altitude. The highest crater today is a swamp that discharges water into the crater below. The lower crater contains a lake of about 3m depth with a single outlet to the northeast. The lake margin is narrow, consisting of a strip of herbaceous sub-aquatic vegetation, such as Cyperaceae and ferns, growing on peat-rich soil.
The organization of vegetation, based on Letouzey’s studies (1968) is now only a theory, as environmental conditions have deteriorated. Thus, analysis of satellite images of 1998 and 2003 show that the forest cover around Bambili has diminished in recent decades (Assi-Kaudjhis, 2011).
The Lord Mayor of Tubah Council asked Reignite Action for Development to conduct a field visit to Lake Bambili and evaluate the actual situation.
With climate change, the growth of population and increase of irrigation systems in farming, water demand increased dramatically. The report helped to evaluate the actual situation.
Head of Programme: Mariana Matoso
Project Team Leader: Teresa de Sousa
Project Assistant: Afunwi Denis
Photographer: Fernando Matoso
Volunteers: Bicheh Romanus & Francis
Sector Coordinator: Lord Mayor Tanjong Martin
Applicant: Reignite & Tubah Council
Local Partners: Tubah Council
Other Partners: Bambili Water Authority & COBEX
Estimated Cost: £500
Community Funds: Transportation to sites and meals provided by BWA
Other Funds: Transportation provided by Tubah Council
Timeline: 2 weeks
View report below or download it here.